IP in the Digital Age

CPSC 184: Intellectual Property in the Digital Age

Elizabeth Stark (elizabeth.stark@yale.edu)

Wed, 3:30-5:30, WLH 001

Please note: some readings may change as new issues emerge over the course of the semester.

(1) Introduction: Opportunities and Dilemmas in the Digital Age – 1/26

John Tehranian, Infringement Nation, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1029151

Jane Ginsburg, How Copyright Got a Bad Name for Itself, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=342182

John Perry Barlow, The Economy of Ideas, http://homes.eff.org/~barlow/EconomyOfIdeas.html

Lawrence Lessig, Code 2.0, http://pdf.codev2.cc/Lessig-Codev2.pdf, 1-8 (review), 29-61 (Chapters 1,3,4)

(2) Copyright: Fair Use and Remix Culture – 2/2

17 USC § 107, http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.html

Michael Carroll, Fixing Fair Use, 85 N. Car. L. Rev. 1087 (2007), http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=945194 1089-1130 (3-44 in PDF)

Shepard Fairey, Shepard Fairey vs. The Associated Press, mirrored at http://dailyfreep.blogspot.com/2009/03/ap-obama-referencing.html

LA Times, A Poster Child for Fair Use, http://www.latimes.com/news/opinion/editorials/la-ed-fairey-20110117,0,5792515.story

Sewell Chan, Ruling for Salinger, Judge Bans “Rye” Sequel, http://cityroom.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/07/01/judge-rules-for-salinger-in-copyright-suit/

Bridgeport v. Dimension, http://www.ca6.uscourts.gov/opinions.pdf/05a0243a-06.pdf (2-11)

Tim Wu, Jay-Z Versus the Sample Troll, http://www.slate.com/id/

Creative Commons: About choosing a license: http://creativecommons.org/about/licenses/ and FAQ: http://creativecommons.org/faq/ (up to “Do Creative Commons licenses affect fair use,” rest optional)

Optional: Citizen Media Law Project, Primer on Copyright Liability and Fair Use, http://www.citmedialaw.org/blog/2008/primer-copyright-liability-and-fair-use

(3) Copyright: Duration, The Public Domain, and A2K – 2/9

James Boyle, The Public Domain, http://www.thepublicdomain.org/download/, 1-27

Eldred v. Ashcroft, http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/01-618.ZO.html

The Supreme Court Docket; The Coming of Copyright Perpetuity, http://www.nytimes.com/2003/01/16/opinion/the-supreme-court-docket-the-coming-of-copyright-perpetuity.html

Mark Helperin, A Great Idea Lives Forever, Shouldn’t Its Copyright?. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/05/20/opinion/20helprin.html

Landes and Posner, Indefinitely Renewable Copyright, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=319321 (Read Abstract, 1-11, 41)

Jack Balkin, Golan v. Gonzales — How The First Amendment Limits Copyright Law, http://balkin.blogspot.com/2007/09/golan-v-gonzales-how-first-amendment.html

Anthony Falzone, Golan v. Holder Heads to the Supreme Court, http://cyberlaw.stanford.edu/node/6543

Jack Balkin, What is Access To Knowledge?, http://balkin.blogspot.com/2006/04/what-is-access-to-knowledge.html

Budapest Open Access Initiative, http://www.soros.org/openaccess/read.shtml

(4) Copyright: Gatekeeping and Online Intermediaries– 2/16

Digital Millennium Copyright Act § 512, http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/512.html

Jonathan Zittrain, A History of Online Gatekeeping, https://yalelawtechdotorg.files.wordpress.com/2011/02/19harvjltech253.pdf, 253-257, 264-276 (1-5, 11-24 in PDF)

Viacom v. YouTube, Summary Judgment, http://www.eff.org/files/filenode/viacom_v_youtube/06-23-10_Summary_Judgment.pdf

Corynne McSherry, Judge Rules That Content Owners Must Consider Fair Use Before Sending Takedowns, http://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2008/08/judge-rules-content-owners-must-consider-fair-use- (review)

Sarah Lai Stirland, YouTube to McCain: You’ve Made Your DMCA Bed, Lie In It, http://www.wired.com/threatlevel/2008/10/youtube-to-mcca/

Nate Anderson, The Day the Music Blogs Died, http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/news/2010/02/the-day-the-music-blogs-died-behind-googles-musicblogocide.ars

YouTube Content ID, http://www.youtube.com/t/contentid and Video ID, http://www.youtube.com/t/video_id_about

Google Public Policy Blog, Content ID and Fair Use, http://googlepublicpolicy.blogspot.com/2010/04/content-id-and-fair-use.html

Choose two DMCA letters to read: http://www.chillingeffects.org

(5) Copyright: Secondary Liability, P2P, and Potential Solutions – 2/23

Sony v. Universal, Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sony_Corp._of_America_v._Universal_City_Studios,_Inc. (review)

Jonathan Zittrain, A History of Online Gatekeeping, https://yalelawtechdotorg.files.wordpress.com/2011/02/19harvjltech253.pdf, 276-294 (24-42 in PDF)

MGM v. Grokster, 545 U.S. 913 (2005), http://w2.eff.org/IP/P2P/MGM_v_Grokster/04-480.pdf (1-24 of opinion, 6-29 in PDF)

Jace Clayton, Defending the Pig: Oink Croaks, http://www.negrophonic.com/2007/defending-the-pig-oink-croaks/

John Timmer, IsoHunt Loses Big, http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/news/2009/12/judge-slams-isohunt-infringement-old-wine-in-a-new-bottle.ars

Ben Sisiaro, US Shuts Down Websites in Piracy Crackdown, http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/27/technology/27torrent.html

EFF, A Better Way Forward, http://www.eff.org/wp/better-way-forward-voluntary-collective-licensing-music-file-sharing

Finger Tips, Music Is Not Like Water, http://www.fingertipsmusic.com/classic/comment_water.htm

Browse the Hype Machine: http://www.hypem.com

(6) Copyright: DRM and Anti-Circumvention – 3/2

Digital Millennium Copyright Act § 1201, http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/usc_sec_17_00001201—-000-.html

University City Studios v. Corley, http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/cgi-bin/getcase.pl?court=2nd&navby=docket&no=009185 (skip III. Constitutional Challenges Based on the First Amendment and associated subsections)

Cory Doctorow, Content, “Microsoft Research DRM Talk,” http://craphound.com/content/Cory_Doctorow_-_Content.pdf

Steve Jobs, Thoughts on Music, http://www.apple.com/de/hotnews/thoughtsonmusic/

Brad Stone, Apple Drops Anticopying Measures in iTunes, http://www.nytimes.com/2009/01/07/technology/companies/07apple.html

Sun openDRM, http://www.openmediacommons.org/news/03212006-omcworkshop_press_release.html

AACS Encryption Key Controversy, Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AACS_encryption_key_controversy

(7) Copyright: Free as in Software? – 3/23

Yochai Benkler, The Wealth of Networks, http://www.benkler.org/Benkler_Wealth_Of_Networks.pdf (59-68, 46-47)

Eben Moglen, Anarchism Triumphant: Free Software and the Death of Copyright, First Monday (1999), http://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/684/594

Richard Stallman, The GNU Manifesto, http://www.gnu.org/gnu/manifesto.html and Some Confusing or Loaded Words and Phrases that are Worth Avoiding, http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/words-to-avoid.html

Brett Smith, A Quick Guide to GPLv3, http://www.gnu.org/licenses/quick-guide-gplv3.html

Andy Updegrove, A Big Victory for F/OSS: Jacobsen v. Katzer is Settled, http://www.consortiuminfo.org/standardsblog/article.php?story=201002190850472

Steven Vaughan-Nichols, Freedom Box: Freeing the Internet One Server at a Time, ttp://www.zdnet.com/blog/networking/freedom-box-freeing-the-internet-one-server-at-a-time/698

Browse: http://joindiaspora.com (Read at least one of the articles linked at the bottom)

(8) Patents: Business Method and Software – 3/30

Merrill et al, A Patent System for the 21st Century, A Patent Primer, http://www.nap.edu/html/patentsystem/143-154.pdf

Eric Roberts, Amazon One-Click Shopping, http://www-cse.stanford.edu/classes/cs201/projects-99-00/software-patents/amazon.html

In re Bilski, Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/In_re_Bilski

In re Bilski, http://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/09pdf/08-964.pdf

End Software Patents, Resources, http://endsoftpatents.org/resources (read associated subsections and browse site generally)

Miguel Helft and John Schwartz, Apple Challenges Big Award Over Patents, http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/05/technology/05apple.html

(9) Patents: BioTech – 4/6

Diamond v. Chakrabartry, 447 U.S. 303 (1980), http://laws.findlaw.com/us/447/303.html

Yochai Benkler, Commons-Based Strategies and the Problems of Patents, 305 Science 1110 (2004), http://www.benkler.org/Pub.html (Click through on link)

Arti Rai and James Boyle, Synthetic Biology: Caught Between Property Rights, the Public Domain, and the Commons, 5 PLoS Biology 389 (2007), http://biology.plosjournals.org/perlserv/?request=get-document&doi=10.1371/journal.pbio.0050058

Bayh-Doyle Act, Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bayh-Dole_Act

Arti Rai and Rebecca Eisenberg, Bayh-Dole Reform and the Progress of Biomedicine, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=348343

(10) Trademark: Brands and Names on the Internet – 4/13

William Fisher, Overview of Trademark Law, http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/metaschool/fisher/domain/tm.htm

ICANN, URDP Policy, http://www.icann.org/en/dndr/udrp/policy.htm

Lemley and Dogan, Trademarks and Consumer Search Costs on the Internet, http://www.houstonlawreview.org/archive/downloads/41-3_pdf/dogan.pdf (777-786, 801-838)

Rescuecom v. Google, http://ipinthedigitalage.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/02/06-4881-cv_opn.pdf (1-15)

Richard Wray, Google Triumphs in Louis Vuitton Trademark Case, http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2010/mar/23/google-louis-vuitton-trademark-legal-case

Cory Doctorow, New York Times Advances Weird, Self-Destructive Trademark Theory to Prop Up Its Paywall, http://www.boingboing.net/2011/03/23/new-york-times-advan.html

(11) Emerging Issues: Copyright Reform – 4/20

Pam Samuelson, Preliminary Thoughts on Copyright Reform, http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1002676

Public Domain Enhancement Act, http://www.publicknowledge.org/issues/hr2601 (read summary and full text)

Wikipedia, COICA, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Combating_Online_Infringement_and_Counterfeits_Act

Declan McCullagh, White House Wants New Copyright Law Crackdown, http://news.cnet.com/8301-31921_3-20043421-281.html

Wikipedia, Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anti-Counterfeiting_Trade_Agreement (skim)

Lawrence Lessig and Jack Goldsmith, Anti-Counterfeiting Agreement Raises Constitutional Concerns, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/03/25/AR2010032502403.html

Project Presentations

(12) Emerging Issues: Patent Reform – 4/20

Merrill et al, A Patent System for the 21st Century (National Academies 2004), http://www.nap.edu/html/patentsystem/ (1-8 required, 81-129 optional)

Beth Noveck, Peer to Patent, http://jolt.law.harvard.edu/articles/pdf/v20/20HarvJLTech123.pdf

Patently O, Patent Reform 2011: House of Representatives Bill No. H.R. 1249, http://www.patentlyo.com/patent/2011/03/patent-reform-2011-house-of-representatives-bill-no-hr-1249.html

Browse http://www.peertopatent.org/

Project Presentations

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